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A gum graft (also known as a gingival graft, or a tissue graft), is a surgical periodontal procedure. The goal is to cover an exposed tooth root surface with grafted oral tissue. Exposed roots are usually caused from gingival recession due to periodontal disease. There are other common causes not resulting from periodontal disease, including overly aggressive brushing, hard toothbrushes, and trauma.
The most common types of gingival grafts are:
Reasons for gum grafting
Once the need for gum grafting surgery has been determined, there are several treatments the dentist will want to perform before gum grafting takes place. First, the teeth must thoroughly be cleaned supra and subgingivally to remove any calculus (tartar) and bacteria. The dentist can also provide literature, advice and educational tools to increase the effectiveness of home care and help reduce the susceptibility of periodontal disease in the future. The gum grafting procedure is uaully performed under local anesthetic. The exact procedure will depend on wether tissue is coming from the patient's palate or a tissue bank. Initially, small incisions will be made at the recipient site to create a small pocket to accommodate the graft. Then a split thickness incision is made and the connective tissue graft is inserted into the space between the two sections of tissue. The graft is usually slightly larger than the recession area, so some excess will be apparent. Sutures are often placed to further stabilize the graft and to prevent any shifting from the designated site. Surgical material is used to protect the surgical area during the first week of healing. Uniformity and healing of the gums all be achieved in approximately 6 weeks.
Dr. Alex Pezeshkian 6101 Ball Rd. Suite 310 Cypress, California 90630
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Dental Implants - Periodontal Treatment - Tissue Grafts - Bone Grafts - Sinus Augmentation